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Top 10 Most Developed Countries in Africa

Lets take a look at the top 10 most developed countries in Africa. What is a developed Country, developing country or least developed Country.

A developed country has a developed economy, a stable and effective government, a well-developed infrastructure, a strong educational system, there are more than enough job possibilities, extensive health and social services, and a high level of personal freedom.

Developing countries are those that fall short of these goals by a little margin. Those that fall far short are labeled “least developed countries,” and they are eligible for specific UN aid programs.

The United Nations’ annual Human Development Index is the most frequently used and acknowledged indicator of a country’s development status (HDI). This complex measure keeps track of a variety of variables, such as Adult Literacy Rate and Life Expectancy, as well as Income Inequality and Mobile Phone Subscriptions, and then combines them into a single figure between 0.00 and 1.00. This score categorizes each country into one of four categories:

The Four Levels of the Human Development Index (HDI)

  • Low human development (0-.55)
  • Medium human development (.55-.70)
  • High human development (.70-80)
  • Very high human development (.80-1.0)

With a score of at least.80, most developed countries are classified as having “extremely high human development.” Outside of Antarctica, Africa is the least developed continent, with many of its countries still grappling with issues such as poverty, government corruption, and armed conflict.

Only Mauritius, one of Africa’s 54 countries, is regarded to have “extremely high human development” according to the Human Development Index. On the plus side, eight African countries have “high human development” and are on the verge of reaching the Very High level.

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Top 10 Most Developed Countries in Africa

Table of Contents

Seychelles

Seychelles is ranked number one among the top 10 most developed countries in Africa. Seychelles is a 1,500-kilometer-long island country off the coast of East Africa. Tourism, agribusiness, and fishing are the backbone of Seychelles’ economy, with tourism employing the majority of the workers. Despite having Africa’s highest GDP, Seychelles is marginalized and has unequal economic distribution, resulting in poverty for some of its residents.

With a Human Development Index of 0.782, Seychelles is Africa’s most developed country. Out of 188 countries and territories, it is ranked 63rd. After completing 14.1 years of schooling, the average Seychellois will live to be 73.3 years old. The country’s GDP per capita is $23, 886 USD.

Mauritius

Mauritius is an Indian Ocean island republic around 2,000 kilometers (1,200 kilometers) east of Madagascar, off Africa’s southeast coast. Mauritius, Rodrigues, and Réunion are part of the Mascarene Islands (a French overseas department). The capital and largest city of Mauritius, Port Louis, is home to the majority of the country’s inhabitants.

Since its independence from Britain in 1968, Mauritius has developed from a low-income, agriculture-based economy to a high-income, diversified economy based on tourism, textiles, sugar, and financial services. Since independence, Mauritius’ economic history has been termed “the Mauritian Miracle” and “Africa’s Success.” In recent years, industries like information and communication technology, fisheries, hotel, and property development, healthcare, renewable energy, and education and training have increased in prominence, attracting major investment from both domestic and international firms.

In terms of economic competitiveness, a pleasant investment climate, competent government, and a free economy, Mauritius ranks highly. In 2018, the country’s Gross Domestic Product (PPP) was predicted to reach US$29.187 billion, with a GDP (PPP) per capita of US$22,909, placing it second in Africa.

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Algeria

Algeria which is one of the top 10 most developed countries in Africa remains Africa’s largest country, has borders with Tunisia, and is also located in the north. Algeria’s economy is likewise fueled by oil, although the country is working to diversify its economy in order to reduce youth unemployment. The Human Development Index for Algeria is 0.745.

Algeria’s economy is fueled by petroleum and natural gas exports, which account for about a third of the country’s annual GDP despite worldwide price fluctuations (GDP). The economy was primarily based on agriculture until 1962, and it supplemented the French economy. Hydrocarbon extraction and production have remained the most important activities since then, enabling rapid industrialization.

Tunisia

Tunisia is a North African country. Manufacturing, services, tourism, and mining are the hallmarks of Tunisia’s economy, with the services sector accounting for the majority of GDP. In 2009, the World Economic Forum designated Tunisia Africa’s most competitive country. At the end of 2015, Tunisia had a Human Development Index of 0.725. It is ranked 97th out of 108 countries and territories, indicating that it has a good level of human development.

The average Tunisian is expected to live to be 75 years old. Tunisia is ranked 119th in the 2021 Index for economic freedom, with a score of 56.6. Its overall score has improved by 0.8 points, thanks to improved fiscal health. Tunisia is ranked tenth out of fourteen countries in the Middle East and North Africa region, with a total score that falls short of regional and worldwide standards. Despite the expectations for significant liberalization sparked by the Arab Spring in 2011, Tunisia’s economy remained among the world’s most unfree this year, as it has been for more than a decade.

Libya

Libya is a country in North Africa. The most important component of Libya’s economy is oil production. Libya has the largest oil reserves in Africa. Libya is one of eight African countries identified by the World Bank as an ‘Upper Middle-Income Economy.’ At the end of 2015, Libya has a Human Development Index of 0.716, placing it 102 out of 108 countries and territories in the High Human Development category.

Libyans can expect to live to be 71.8 years old. Libya has one of the highest per capita incomes in Africa. Oil revenues are Libya’s main source of income. At the turn of the century, oil and natural gas accounted for roughly three-quarters of national income and virtually all of the country’s export profits, despite employing less than one-tenth of the workforce.

Botswana

Botswana is a country in the heart of Southern Africa. The area is virtually triangular, stretching 600 miles (965 kilometers) north to south and 600 miles east to west, with a sharp point on the eastern edge. River courses and an ancient wagon route determine its eastern and southern boundaries; longitude and latitude lines across the Kalahari define its western boundaries, and straight lines and a river channel define its northern boundaries. A vast diversity of species can be found within Botswana’s borders.

Mining, cattle, and tourism are the cornerstones of Botswana’s economy. Botswana has one of the fastest per capita growth rates in the world, and experts predict that with sensible economic measures, the country would expand even faster in the future. Given that this country is home to the world’s largest diamond mine, this is understandable. Botswana has a Human Development Index of 0.698, qualifying it as a medium-developed country and ranking it 108th out of 188 countries on the list of the world’s most developed countries.

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Gabon

Gabon is a country on Africa’s west coast that sits astride the Equator. Gabon, a former French colony, has strong ties to France, as well as to French culture and language. The capital of the country is Libreville. Gabon’s progress is measured in part by its economy. One piece of economic proof is Gabon’s GDP (gross domestic product) per capita.

According to the most recent survey, GDP per capita is expected to be $16,400 in 2011, suggesting that the average Gabonese person generates $16,400 in products and/or services. When compared to other African countries, this is a sizable number, demonstrating Gabon’s status as a fully developed country. Gabon’s exports are another indicator of the country’s development.

Gabon exported $10.86 billion worth of goods in 2011, with cocoa, coffee, sugar, palm oil, rubber, and, most importantly, oil accounting for the majority of these exports. This demonstrates Gabon’s development because only a developed country would be capable of using its most valuable assets.

Egypt

Egypt, sometimes known as the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a country in Africa as well as the Arab world. Egypt is located in the northeastern part of Africa and in the south of Asia. The Gaza Strip and Israel border Egypt on the northeast, the Red Sea on the east, and Sudan and Libya on the south and west, respectively.

Agriculture, media, petroleum imports, natural gas, and tourism are the mainstays of Egypt’s economy; around three million Egyptians working abroad, primarily in Libya, Saudi Arabia, the Persian Gulf, and Europe. The economy and resources continue to be strained by rapid population growth, limited arable land, and reliance on the Nile.

At the end of 2015, Egypt’s Human Development Index was 0.691. It was able to move up many places on the list of most developed countries as a result of this rating, finishing 111th out of 188 countries and territories.

South Africa

South Africa is the southernmost country on the African continent. The agricultural, industrial, and tertiary services sectors all contribute to the country’s economy, which is the second-largest in Africa after Nigeria.

South Africa, like Cape Verde, has a Human Development Index of 0.666, placing it in the medium development category and three places ahead of Cape Verde on the list of developed countries (119).

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Cape Verde

Cape Verde is a group of islands located about 570 kilometers off the coast of West Africa. The highlands, rocky seaside settlements, undulating terrain, and beautiful beaches of Cape Verde draw tourists and, as a result, international investors who contribute to the country’s GDP. In 2015, Cape Verde had a Human Development Index of 0.648. It was ranked 122nd out of 188 countries, and it was classified as having a medium level of development.

Conclusion

We have been able to compile a list of the top 10 most developed countries in Africa. Any country with a GNP per capita of $12,536 or more is classified as high-income and developed by the World Bank. The remaining countries are classed as developing since they have yet to meet this requirement. Low-income (under $1,035), lower-middle-income ($1,036 to $4,045), and upper-middle-income ($4,046 to $12,535) are the three income levels. Progress, according to this perspective, is both quantifiable and ongoing.

A country progresses up the development ladder simply by increasing its income over time and moving up the rungs. As a result, the Human Development Index (HDI) of the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) incorporates not just income but also health and education

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