The Complete List Of Nigerian Dams And Their Locations (2022)— This page contains a complete list of all dams and reservoirs in Nigeria for the year 2022, as well as their locations. Our country, Nigeria, is a vast country with a large number of dams to meet its electrical needs.
While many of these dams or reservoirs were built to generate hydroelectric power for the country, a significant number of them were also built for agricultural purposes via irrigation to supplement the country’s low mean annual rainfall in many areas, particularly in the north.
The Complete List Of Nigerian Dams And Their Locations
Hydroelectric plants use the water stored in these large dams or reservoirs to generate electricity that is distributed throughout the country via the national grid. This occurs when the water is released, flowing through the turbines, and spinning them very quickly in the process that activates the generator to produce electricity. In a nutshell, a dam or reservoir is a big barrier built over a significant body of water to hold it back and store it for the purposes of generating power or providing water.
A COMPLETE LIST OF ALL DAMS IN NIGERIA FOR 2022, AS WELL AS THEIR LOCATION
This is a complete list of all man-made dams or reservoirs in Nigeria as of 2022, along with their locations:
DAM KAINJI (LOCATION: NIGER STATE)
The Kainji Dam is one of three dams or reservoirs in Niger State, Nigeria’s largest state by landmass. It is also Nigeria’s largest and most important dam, as it generates nearly all of the country’s electricity, which is used to power all of the country’s states as well as the Federal Capital Territory. The Kainji Dam is erected over the River Niger, one of Nigeria’s major rivers and one of the country’s longest, and its reservoir is the Kainji Lake, which is located near the Kainji Lake National Park, one of Nigeria’s National Parks.
DAM JEBBA (LOCATION: NIGER STATE)
Another notable dam in Nigeria is the Jebba Dam, which contributes significantly to the generation of hydroelectric electricity. It is the second of three major dams in Niger State, namely in Jebba Town, which is located in both Kwara and Niger States. Jebba Dam is made primarily of earth and rockfill, and it’s connected to a number of auxiliary dams and infrastructure. The main dam is positioned to the south, and an upstream blanket ensures its imperviousness.
A lock and the auxiliary concrete dams 4, 3, and 2 follow. A spillway and the powerhouse with water inflow are located between these auxiliary dams. The auxiliary dam 1 and emergency reinforced spillway are made of the same style of dike as the main dam. A saddle dam, similar to the main dam, seals off a secondary valley. 103.0 meters is the usual operating level.
The Complete List Of Nigerian Dams And Their Locations (2022)
Six turbines and six turbine-alternator groups are installed in the power plant. Each of the propeller turbines has a net head of 96.4 MW and a maximum output of 102 MW. The total installed nominal power is 578 MW. The civil dam structures, the bottom gated spillway, the hydroelectric powerhouse with turbines, generators, and a navigation lock, as well as monitoring and control systems and M&E appurtenant works, make up Jebba Dam.
All of these elements combine to form a continuous structure with a crest length of around 2,000 meters. The main rockfill dam and a saddle dam, as well as four auxiliary dams consisting of an embankment dam and three gravity concrete structures, make up the civil dam structures. The Jebba Dam holds and distributes water securely to generate hydroelectric power, guard against floods, and, at one time, support navigation.
DAM SHIRORO (LOCATION: NIGER STATE)
Shiroro Dam, which spans the Kaduna River, is the third of three major dams in Niger State, with the first two being the Kainji and Jebba dams. Shiroro Dam was built in 1990 and contributes significantly to the creation of hydroelectric power in Nigeria. A reservoir and a powerhouse structure with many support services are located at the dam site.
Shiroro’s electrical distribution network includes 11/0.41kV distribution lines and 11/0.415kV substations (110-200kVA). There are four hydraulic turbines, four generators, gates and hoists, plant auxiliaries such as a powerhouse portable water treatment plant, sewage treatment plant, lubricating oil treatment plant, one chlorination plant, two flood-control pumps, and reservoir management equipment, as well as plant auxiliaries such as a powerhouse portable water treatment plant, sewage treatment plan, lubricating oil treatment plant, one chlorination plant, and reservoir management equipment. At the time of writing, the Shiroro power station has 600MW of capacity available.
DAM OF CHALLAWA GORGE (LOCATION: KANO STATE)
The Challawa Gorge Dam may be found near Karaye, Kano State, Nigeria. It is located 90 kilometers southwest of Kano, Kano State’s capital, and is administered by the Hadejia Jama’are River Basin Development Authority, a federal government agency. This dam was erected to increase Kano’s water supply capacity, and it sits on the Challawa River, a tributary of the Kano River, which is the Hadejia River’s main tributary.
The Complete List Of Nigerian Dams And Their Locations (2022)
The Kano State Government’s Water Resources and Engineering Construction Agency began construction on the Challawa Gorge dam project, which was then handed over to the Federal Government of Nigeria, who continued to fund it until it was completed. The dam’s contract was assigned to Julius Berger Nigeria, and it was completed utilizing rock fill construction between 1990 and 1992.
It stands 42 meters tall and spans 7.8 kilometers. The dam has a storage capacity of 904,000,000 square meters at full capacity, and the direct catchment area is 3857 square kilometers. The Challawa Gorge dam, located in Kano State, is utilized for irrigation and water delivery to Kano city and other cities and settlements along with the river system. It also acts as a recreation center and aids in the development of fisheries and cattle.
DADIN KOWA DAM (LOCATION: GOMBE STATE)
The Dadin Kowa Dam is an earth dam with a concrete spillway and three gates that control the water level in the reservoir in Gombe State. The Federal Government of Nigeria built the Dadin Kowa dam in 1984, and it is located on the Numan River. Its goal is to give water and electricity to the Gongola sugar mill and the surrounding area.
DAM GORONYO (LOCATION: SOKOTO STATE)
Sokoto State is home to the Goronyo Dam. Although its construction was completed in 1984, it was not commissioned until 1992. The Goronyo dam serves a variety of purposes, including flood control, downstream water delivery, and irrigation water release during the dry season.
DAM OF GUSAU (LOCATION: ZAMFARA STATE)
The Gusau Dam is located in Gusau, the capital city of Zamfara State, the home of Sharia in Nigeria, with the tagline “farming is our pride.” It spans the Sokoto River and is located in Gusau, the capital city of Zamfara State, the home of Sharia in Nigeria. The dam was constructed to provide water to nearby villages, however, it is currently unable to do so at full capacity.
GORGE DAM, IKERE (LOCATION: OYO STATE)
The Ikere Gorge Dam was built to maximize the possibilities for water resources development in the Ogun River basins. It lies 33 kilometers northeast of Iseyin, in Oyo State’s Iseyin Local Government Area.
The Ogun River is one of four rivers that supply water into the reservoir, with the Ogun River contributing the most (85 percent ). The dam’s turbines were supposed to generate 3,750 units of power per hour.
DAM JIBIYA (LOCATION: KATSINA STATE)
The Jibiya Dam, in Katsina State, was built to help irrigation and water supply. It was conceived in 1987 and finished in 1989. Except during the wet season, the topography at the dam site is sub-desert. It is situated in a semi-arid region of Nigeria, where rainfall lasts only four months on average and most watercourses and rivers are dry for eight months of the year.
DAM KIRI (LOCATION: ADAMAWA STATE)
Adamawa State is home to the Kiri Dam.
The dam, also known as a reservoir, was erected in 1982 to provide irrigation for the Savannah Sugar Company (SSC), which was later acquired by Dangote Industries. The dam was erected to provide water.
The following are some other noteworthy mentions:
- RESERVOIR ASEJIRE (LOCATION: OYO STATE)
- DAM BAKOLORI (LOCATION: SOKOTO STATE)
- DAM PROPOSED BY KAFIN ZAKI (LOCATION: BAUCHI STATE)
- DAM MAMBILLA (LOCATION: TARABA STATE)
- DAM OBUDU (LOCATION: CROSS RIVER STATE)
- DAM ON THE OYAN RIVER (LOCATION: OGUN STATE)
- DAM TIGA (LOCATION: KANO STATE)
PROJECT ZAURO POLDER (STATE OF
- KEBBI) ZOBE DAM (LOCATION: KATSINA STATE).
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