How To Start Snail Farming Business In Nigeria—This article discusses how to start a snail farming business in Nigeria. Snail farming in Nigeria is a highly successful business enterprise that may earn individuals millions of Naira per year if done properly. It is one aspect of agriculture that many people have yet to properly use. If you’re interested in owning a snail farm but are unsure how to go, we’ve included a full guide in this post outlining the steps you should take to get started.
Snail farming, alternatively referred to as heliculture, is the technique of producing or raising snails for human nourishment, or for their slime, which is extremely important in the cosmetics business; their eggs; or for other economic purposes. Despite the potential for fortunes, few people in the country are active in this sector. Only a few individuals are smiling all the way to the bank from their snail farm, which is unexpected given that snail farming is a highly profitable venture with immense benefits and market potential.
There are numerous snail species to choose from if you want to start a snail farming business in Nigeria, but you should be aware that Achatina achatina, also known as the giant African snail or the giant tiger land snail, and Archachatina marginata, also known as the giant West African snail or the banana rasp snail, are the two air-breathing tropical land snail species that are commonly reared in the country. These snails are terrestrial, belonging to the family Achatinidae, and can reach a length of 20 cm and a lifespan of up to ten years.
Snails are an excellent source of protein, phosphate, calcium, and iron, and are low in fat, salt, and cholesterol, making them an extremely safe food to consume. The optimum time to begin your snail farming business in Nigeria is during the rainy season, which runs from mid-June to October, as this is when snails often begin breeding. Additionally, you should be aware that snail prices increase during the dry season, which runs from December to March. This means that you might earn even more money as a snail farmer during the dry season. With that in mind, let us now examine the processes necessary to establish a snail farm in the country today.
SNAIL FARMING BUSINESS IN NIGERIA: GUIDELINES FOR START-UP
The following are the step-by-step procedures for establishing a snail farming business in Nigeria in 2022:
SELECT THE SNAIL SPECIES TO FARM
When starting a snail farming business in Nigeria, the first step is determining the species of snail to raise. As previously stated in the article, there are numerous snail breeds in Nigeria today, including the following: Otala lacteal (milk snail), Theba pisana (white garden snail), Cornu aspersum (garden snail), Helix pomatia (Burgundy snail), and the most common Achatina achatina (giant African snail) and Archachatina marginata (garden snail) (West African giant snail). Due to their production and economic size, the gigantic African snail and the giant West African snail are the finest species for heliculture.
GET YOUR SNAIL FARM READY FOR HOUSING
Your snail farmland’s size will dictate the style and type of housing you build for your snails. The house that will be erected will also have an effect on the comfort of the snails that will be reared.
If you choose to engage in commercial snail farming, it is prudent to own permanent farmland. Snails, on the other hand, can be reared in boxes constructed of suitable materials such as wire gauze and wood. The type of snail home you design will be determined by the snails’ developmental stage and habits.
Please be aware that younger snails demand more comfortable housing that must be protected from predators. Additionally, snails thrive in dark, humid environments, so do your best to keep them out of direct sunshine or heat. To control the temperature, you can use fresh leaves and fabric. Snails are prone to dehydration, and wind accelerates the rate of moisture loss in snail housing, resulting in their dehydration. If you wish to keep snails from rapidly losing water, you should keep them in a wind-protected location.
BUY SNAILS FOR FARMING
After establishing housing for your snails on the farms on which they will be raised, you will need to purchase the snail species that are most appropriate for your business, as we discussed previously in the article. Before acquiring and transporting snails to your farm for rearing, inspect them well to ensure they are healthy. You will need to get mature snails in order for them to lay as many eggs as possible, so thoroughly check for them at the market before purchasing.
FEEDING AND REARING THE SNAILS
Snails should be fed early in the morning and late at night. Remember to provide them with drinking water as well. You can feed your snails a variety of fruits and vegetables, including bananas, watermelon, cabbage, carrots, pawpaw, lettuce, cucumber, potato, pumpkin, and plantain. Snails also graze on green leaves and unsalted human crumbs, so you must make an effort to offer them with these necessary nutrients. Additionally, they require calcium to grow their shells, which is why egg shells and limestone must be included in their meals.
You can also feed your snails on a regular basis water leaves, cocoyam, pawpaw, okra, cassava, eggplant, cabbage, lettuce, and banana leaves, as well as leftovers from your kitchen such as rice, beans, pap, maize, and basics. Assure that their diets contain adequate calcium to accelerate their growth and cause them to thicken their shells to prevent them from cracking.
You can place the calcium in a feeding dish and allow the snails to consume it as they choose. Please keep in mind that snails consume a lot of water, and a lack of proper water supply can rapidly dehydrate them, resulting in sterility and stunting in the snails. Snails, like desert snails, can hibernate for up to two years during times of drought. However, cultured snails should not be subjected to dehydration.
SNAIL HARVEST AND SALES
Snails mature in roughly two years, and only mature snails should be harvested. To determine which ones have matured, inspect the brim of the shell. In mature snail shells, the brim is thicker and harder than the rest of the shell. Harvest only a portion of the mature ones for the market, as you will still require a few for breeding and base stock. When harvesting, utilize containers, bowls, boxes, and baskets to collect your snails, and 10kg per pack is typically optimal due to the snails’ great fragility. A adult snail can sell for between ₦300 and ₦800, depending on its size and season.