How to start a fish farming business in Nigeria: We will explore how to start fish farming in Nigeria in this article, and I will outline some measures that one can do to get started. However, we must first define fish farming;
What Is Fish Farming?
Fish farming is the element of farming in which fish are raised for commercial purposes, i.e., for sale. If one wants to raise fish, he or she must construct an earthen pond, a tarpaulin pond, or, on occasion, a concrete pond.
He must fertilize the pond, stock the fingerlings with clean water, and be prepared to feed the Mackerel, Tilapia, or catfish until they reach market size.
Having stated that, do you know how fish farming is referred to? It is referred to as pisciculture. In other words, it is concerned with the artificial breeding and rearing of fish, as well as the artificial transplantation of fish.
While fish generally live in streams, rivers, seas, and oceans, pisciculture refers to the practice of breeding fish at home for commercial purposes.
It may interest you to learn that there are hundreds of different species of fish, including trout, cyprinids, pangas catfish, and freshwater fishes, as well as silver seabream, common carp, Catla, greasy grouper, bighead carp, Nile tilapia, and grass carp.
However, not all of these fish species can be raised artificially in Nigeria. The reason is self-evident; it could be that their nature precludes their rearing in Nigeria, or it could be that demand for these fish is low.
Nonetheless, because catfish and tilapia are the most popular species of fish, fish farmers would eagerly cultivate them.
How Are Fish Grown?
Fish can be raised in two ways: extensive aquaculture or intensive aquaculture.
External aquaculture involves the growth of fish in natural water, such as streams and rivers, whereas intensive aquaculture involves the breeding of fish outside streams and rivers. However, in this post, I shall cover extensive aquaculture.
Choosing Profitable Fish Species in Nigeria
If you want to start a fish farming business in Nigeria, it means that you want to specialize in fish production for commercial purposes.
As a result, you must choose fish species that grow quickly in order to meet your business plan. Now, let us begin!
Establishing a Fish Farm in Nigeria:
I’m going to share seven excellent steps in this article if you’re interested in starting a fish farming business in Nigeria. We’re about to begin!
1. Locate A Suitable Fish Farming Location
Before you begin fish farming, you must determine whether you want to operate a small-scale fish farming business or a large-scale fish farming firm.
If, however, it is a small-scale fish farming business, you can start it in your backyard; but, if your aim is for a large-scale fish farming business, you can rent or purchase fish farming facilities located outside your home.
2. Water Supply for Your Fish Farming Business
The last stage would be to locate suitable water for your fish growing operation. Why is this significant? For example, if oxygen is critical to you, then water is critical to fish.
Therefore, if the water is terrible, you are likely to have a negative effect on the growth of your fish and a loss in productivity, although some species do survive in choppy water, while others do not.
The point I’m making is that you’ll need decent water for your fish, and a reliable source at that.
Additionally, keep in mind that the size of the fish pond determines the amount of water required, and do not forget that the treated water you are drinking may be hazardous to your fish.
Why? The reason for this is that the chemicals used to purify your drinking water may be harmful to your fish.
3. Select Ponds That Are Appropriate For Your Fish Farming Enterprise
I already compared oxygen and water, but this time I’ll discuss the type of home you choose for your fish. As with humans, your fish will require a pleasant habitat.
Fish require ponds that are both natural and comfortable. Consider a fish pond. It can be made of plastic or it can be a tank.
Occasionally, if you are just starting your fish breeding business, utilizing plastic may be preferable, particularly if your fish farming business is tiny.
Fish ponds come in a variety of shapes and sizes, as well as a range of prices. All of this is dependent on your requirements and environment.
4. Select The Fish Species You Wish To Grow In Your Farm
As previously stated, we have hundreds of fish species; therefore, you will need to select the fish species you wish to grow on your farm at this point.
5. Makes a Decision In Favor of Healthy Juveniles
Juveniles are the small fish that you want to grow on your farm. Indeed, there is one called Fry.
It is actually the stage of development of fish immediately following the larvae stage, that is, when they are less than a week old.
6. Selects the Appropriate Feeds For Your Fish Farm
You must make a choice regarding the quality of diet for your fish. We have three methods for feeding fish.
For instance, natural fish feed is made from items found naturally in the pond, such as debris and bacteria.
The second method is referred to as supplementary fish feed, which is composed of locally available resources, such as terrestrial plants. Finally, complete feed, which is carefully prepared fish feed.
7. Commence Marketing Your Fish
Certain individuals assumed that the market was already established. That is not the case; you must advertise your seafood independently.