How to Produce Liquid Soap In Nigeria: Liquid soap manufacture is a profitable small-scale enterprise in Nigeria. One of the advantages of liquid soap manufacturing is that the production costs are negligible in comparison to the profit created by the firm. Additionally, there are several Foaming Soap Dispensers that can securely transport and utilize these soaps.
We’ll look at how to create liquid soap in Nigeria in this piece before you start your business.
HOW TO MAKE LIQUID SOAP IN NIGERIA
The following elements are required to begin production:
- A dish made of plastic
- gloves for the hands
- Mask for the nose
- Stimulating rod
Additionally, you will require the following components in the following quantities:
- Water(20 ltrs)
- Nitrosol, Antisol, or C.M.S. (1 kg)
- Caustic soda or soda ash (½ kg)
- Acid sulphonic (3 liters)
- Texapon (1 liter)
- Sodium laurate sulphate (5 – 6 tbsp)
- Sodium Tripolyphosphate (5 – 6 tbsp)
- Indicator (As desired)
- Fragrance (As desired)
The following sections emphasize the functions of these ingredients:
Water is the primary solvent required for dissolving the various components and for fermentation. It is a necessary component of liquid soap manufacture.
This is the thickening ingredient used in the manufacturing of liquid soap. It is a pale material with the consistency of powdered milk. Nitrosol and Antisol are distinguished by the fact that the former dissolves instantly in water while the latter takes longer.
It is a crystalline material that is pale in color and resembles granulated sugar. When dissolved in water, it generates a strong base and can be corrosive when in contact with the skin.
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It is a necessary component of the soap-making process. It acts as a stain/dirt remover in liquid soap.
SUGAR ASH (SODIUM CARBONATE)
This is likewise a white substance with coarse granules; it is used to manage the concentration of caustic soda, which is normally corrosive to the skin, by neutralizing it.
SLS (SODIUM LAURYL SULPHATE)
The SLS is pale in color and resembles rice grains. It is a surfactant that contributes to the lowering of the aqueous solution’s surface tension. It is the primary foaming agent in use.
Texapon is a gelatinous and pasty material used as a foaming agent and foam booster. Many liquid soap manufacturers avoid combining Texapon and SLS in their formulations since they serve the same function.
This is a dark-colored liquid ingredient that enhances the SLS’s performance. Additionally, it acts as a foaming and cleaning agent. It is not to be confused with sulfuric acid, which is a very strong acid that can be extremely corrosive.
STPP (SODIUM TRIPOLYPHOSPHATE)
STPP is a salt of triphosphoric acid in the sodium form. It resembles white crystal powder and looks very similar to table salt. Additionally, it functions as a strong cleaning agent, assisting the SLS in reaching its full potential.
BOOSTER FOR FOAM
As the name says, this component enhances the foaming ability of the liquid soap.
This substance is a preservative. It should be used if the soap is going to be stored for an extended period of time, such as six months. This is advantageous for individuals engaged in commercial production.
The color is a powder that must be diluted with water before adding it to the soap formulation. The color enhances the end product’s appeal. The majority of producers choose for a green hue.
After using the soap, glycerine helps keep your skin hydrated and supple.
This imparts an appealing smell to your soap. There are several fragrances available, including lemon, pineapple, ambipur, lavender, and strawberry.
This vitamin provides significant protection for the skin and helps prevent wrinkles.
Soap manufacturing involves considerable patience, particularly during the stirring stage, to ensure that the chemical(s) introduced at each stage dissolves completely before adding the next one.
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When working with lower batch sizes, such as 8 or 10 litres, you should follow the same procedure but concentrate on your ratios. Vendors of these chemicals typically sell them pre-measured for the volume of liquid soap that will be made.
You will need to inform them of the volume you wish to create and they will supply you with the necessary chemicals. Additionally, it is prudent to begin with a small volume and expand later.
The following are the measures to take:
- Allow to cool after dissolving caustic soda in one liter of water.
- Pour sulphonic acid into a separate container, add perfume and texapon, and then add 3 to 4 liters of water and vigorously stir for several minutes.
- SLS should be dissolved in 2 tin milk glasses of water.
- Using 2 tin milk cups of water, dissolve the STPP.
- Stir 1 kilogram of nitrosol into 20 liters of water. It disintegrates fairly instantly. If you are using C.M.C, you must allow two days for it to dissolve effectively.
- Add the texapon, sulphonic acid, and perfume to the dissolved nitrosol or C.M.C and vigorously stir.
- Add dissolved caustic soda or soda ash to the dissolved nitrosol or C.M.C solution and mix.
- Stir in the dissolved STPP and SLS.
- Formalin is added for preservation.
- Combine the colorant and water thoroughly, then add to the solution and stir thoroughly.
- If you believe it is too thick, add a few tablespoons of water and mix.
Allow several hours for the solution to
- Sell and package
THE ESSENTIAL QUALITIES OF A GOOD LIQUID SOAP
- The soap should foam quite well.
- The aroma should be appealing.
- The color scheme should be inviting.
- The soap must be long-lasting.
- It should not irritate the skin in any way.
PRECAUTIONS AND SAFETY SUGGESTIONS
- Put on rubber gloves.
- Utilize a nose mask
- Produce in a well-ventilated, well-lit setting.
- In the event of a chemical splash to the face or other sensitive area of the body, thoroughly wash with plenty of water and consult a physician as soon as possible.
- Keep any chemicals out of children’s reach.
- Never taste a chemical with your tongue,
- Always put on your apron or other protective clothing before to starting manufacturing.