Am I Pregnant? Early Symptoms of Pregnancy And When To Test
Am I Pregnant? Early Symptoms of Pregnancy And When To Test: Early pregnancy symptoms differ from woman to woman. You may notice changes in your body quickly (during the first month of pregnancy), or you may experience no symptoms at all. A missing period, an increased need to urinate, enlarged and sore breasts, tiredness, and morning sickness are all symptoms of early pregnancy.
How soon can I find out if I’m pregnant?
Each woman’s pregnancy experience is unique. Some women become aware of their pregnancy within the first few days, while others are unaware until they miss a period. Additionally, some women are unaware they are pregnant until months after conception.
The most conclusive approach to determine whether or not you are pregnant is to take a pregnancy test. When you take a pregnancy test, a hormone called human chorionic gonadotrophin is measured (hCG). This hormone begins to accumulate in your body at the time of conception and multiplies significantly during the first trimester of pregnancy. Despite its early presence in the process, your body must accumulate sufficient hCG to register on a pregnancy test. Typically, it takes around three to four weeks from the first day of your last period for your body to produce enough hCG to test positive for pregnancy.
When am I permitted to take a pregnancy test?
Because the hormone hCG takes time to build up in your body, it is frequently better to wait until you miss your period before performing a home pregnancy test. Prior to this moment, the pregnancy test may come out negative, even if you are indeed pregnant.
Are self-administered pregnancy tests the most accurate technique to detect early pregnancy?
In general, home pregnancy tests are extremely trustworthy. These tests need you to urinate on a little test strip and then wait for the result window to display a symbol. Typically, this window will display a test image (sometimes this is a single straight line). This symbol comes first and indicates that the test is functioning well. Always verify that your test is functioning properly by inspecting the box and instructions. Within a few minutes, the test will indicate whether the result is positive or negative. Certain electronic testing will display a word or phrase (pregnant or not pregnant).
Read also: Cervical cancer: 6 lifestyle changes to prevent the disease
Blood tests to determine the possibility of pregnancy are performed at the office of your healthcare provider. This variant of the test examines your blood for the presence of hCG. You must still wait for hCG levels to rise in your body before performing this sort of pregnancy test. In some situations, your healthcare physician may recommend this alternative. If you suspect you are pregnant, contact your provider to discuss the best form of test.
What are the five most prevalent pregnancy symptoms?
There are various early pregnancy symptoms that you may experience. Not everyone will have all of these symptoms, and some women may experience none at all. Pregnancy symptoms might vary significantly amongst women during the pregnancy. It is critical not to compare your pregnancy to that of another woman.
Typical early pregnancy symptoms include the following:
A missed period: The most common and obvious indication of pregnancy. Once conception occurs, your body generates chemicals that inhibit ovulation and the removal of the uterine lining. This implies that your cycle has ceased and you will not experience another period until the baby is born. However, not having a period is not always indicative of pregnancy. Additionally, you can skip your period as a result of stress, excessive exercise, dieting, hormonal imbalances, and other reasons that can result in irregular periods.
Frequent bathroom visits: Even before you miss a period, you may realize that you need to urinate more frequently. This occurs because you now have more blood than you did previously. Pregnancy increases your body’s blood supply. Your kidneys are responsible for filtering your blood and removing excess waste. This waste is eliminated by the process of urination. The more blood in your body, the more frequent urination you will experience.
Fatigue (a sense of exhaustion): Many women experience considerable fatigue during the early stages of pregnancy. This pregnancy indication occurs as a result of elevated levels of the hormone progesterone. As with other early pregnancy symptoms, fatigue typically improves throughout the second trimester. However, for many women, it returns during the third trimester.
Morning sickness: Contrary to its moniker, this pregnancy symptom can occur at any time of day or night. Nausea can occur as early as two weeks into pregnancy or several months after conception. Not everyone suffers nausea, and the intensity of nausea varies. You can experience nausea without vomiting—this varies by the woman. Approximately half of the pregnant women vomit. While nausea is very common during pregnancy, it can become a concern if you become dehydrated. Women who are unable to consume food or drinks due to severe nausea may have a disorder called hyperemesis gravidarum. If you are experiencing severe nausea and dehydration, contact your healthcare professional.
Breasts that are sore (and enlarging): During pregnancy, your breasts may become painful to the touch. The pain may be comparable to how breasts feel prior to menstruation but is more intense. Additionally, your nipples may darken and expand. This discomfort is transitory and will subside as your body adjusts to the elevated hormone levels. Additionally, you may realize that your breasts have expanded and your bra is more restrictive than usual.
What are other less-common early pregnancy symptoms?
There are other less typical indicators of early pregnancy. As with the most prevalent symptoms, these pregnancy indicators may or may not occur. It’s critical to remember that everyone is unique and will experience symptoms differently.
Read also: Hepatitis B in Nigeria: fresh data to inform prevention and care
Among the less common indications of early pregnancy are the following:
Spotting (also known as implantation bleeding): While this may appear to be a negative sign, mild bleeding (spotting) can indicate that your embryo has been implanted in the lining of your uterus. Several days after conception, the embryo is implanted. Small drops of blood or a brownish discharge from the vagina are signs of implantation hemorrhage. It typically begins around the time of your monthly cycle and lasts for a few days to a few weeks. Spotting can lead some women to believe they’ve had a mild period and are therefore not pregnant.
Food cravings, continuous hunger, and food aversions: Early pregnancy can make food complicated. Certain women develop cravings for certain foods or experience persistent hunger. While some foods and flavors may appear amazing during the early stages of pregnancy, others may have a disagreeable taste. Food aversions can develop throughout pregnancy, causing you to reject previously favored foods.
Metallic taste: Many women report experiencing a metallic taste in their lips during the early stages of pregnancy. It may taste like you’re chewing on a mound of pennies. This can occur when you consume specific foods or at various times throughout the day.
Headaches: Headaches and dizziness are common throughout the early stages of pregnancy. This occurs as a result of your body’s hormonal changes and your increased blood volume.
Cramping: You may also suffer cramps that mimic the start of your period. If the cramps are severe or are felt mostly on one side of your body, it is critical to contact your healthcare practitioner immediately. This may indicate an ectopic pregnancy or another type of issue.
Mood swings: As your hormone levels fluctuate, mood swings may occur. This is completely normal and may occur throughout pregnancy. However, if you ever experience anxiety, depression, or thoughts of self-harm, it is critical to contact your healthcare professional.
Could I have early pregnancy signs without being pregnant?
Numerous early pregnancy symptoms coincide with those of various medical disorders, as well as your normal menstrual cycle. Premenstrual symptoms might be quite similar to those of pregnancy. This can make differentiation difficult. Without being pregnant, you can also skip a period. This might occur as a result of excessive activity, rapid weight loss or growth, or even stress. Breastfeeding may also cause a temporary cessation of your period.
Pregnancy tests are the most accurate technique to determine if you are pregnant. If you have missed a period and believe you may be pregnant, try taking a pregnancy test.
When should I consult my physician regarding a new pregnancy?
If you’ve missed a period, taken a pregnancy test, and received a positive result, the next step is to contact your healthcare practitioner to schedule your initial appointment. During the appointment, your provider may inquire whether you have already begun taking a prenatal vitamin containing at least 400mcg of folic acid. These vitamins are critical during early pregnancy because they aid in the development of the neural tube of your baby. The neural tube will eventually develop into the brain and spine. Numerous healthcare practitioners advise women who may get pregnant to take folic acid at all times.
If you are considering becoming pregnant, scheduling a preconception appointment with your healthcare practitioner is an excellent place to begin. A preconception appointment is critical if you are taking medication for a chronic illness or have additional medical disorders such as diabetes, hypertension, or lupus.
Your provider will discuss any existing medical issues as well as your general health prior to pregnancy at this session. This session is designed to prepare you for a new pregnancy.