10 Differences Between Military and Democratic Government: A democratic government is in direct contradiction to military rule or government, because democracy is committed to defending citizens’ interests through popular participation in government, whereas military authority is less concerned with the public interest.
As a result, the majority of countries that have experienced military dictatorship, such as Nigeria and Liberia, are saying “NO” to any type of military leadership.
In actuality, the majority of countries that claim to practice democracy lack the key characteristics of a democratic state. That is why some researchers believe that it is practically hard to pin down the fundamental concepts of democracy in the majority of countries.
To begin, we shall discuss the fundamental contrasts between military and democratic rule in this post. I therefore encourage you to read this book through to the finish in order to fully comprehend everything contained inside.
What is the definition of a democratic government?
I defined democracy in my previous essay on the Pillars of Democracy as a type of government in which the people have the authority to determine their governing legislation.
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In other words, it is a form of governance in which the entire population or all eligible citizens of a state are governed, often by elected representatives.
What is the definition of a military dictatorship?
On the other hand, Merriam-Webster defines a military government as one established by a military commander in conquered territory to administer the military law declared under military authority, which is applicable to all persons within the conquered territory and supersedes any incompatible local law.
Subtle difference between Military and Democratic Government or Rule
The following table summarizes the distinctions between a military and a democratic government:
1. A democratic government is one in which civilians rule, who are typically elected by the people. On the other hand, military government is ruled by the armed forces, which are not elected but rather come to power by coercion.
2. Democracy is governed by a constitution and civil laws that are reasonable in a democratic society with civilians exercising all legislative, executive, and judicial authorities. Military rule entails suspending and amending the constitution. Imposition of martial law in its entirety, or in part, with the military exercising all legislative, executive, and, in certain cases, judicial responsibilities.
3. Democracy is a product or process that is rooted in the heritage of civil liberties, rights and obligations, as well as constitutional and civil behaviors. It is a system founded on fundamental liberties like as freedom of expression, free debate, and opposition, particularly by tiny political parties in parliament.
Military regimes are composed of processes, procedures, and systems that have been adapted to and entrenched in war and conflict. It is a martial law and force-based system. Additionally, it is a system that requires absolute obedience and, in its purest form, excludes debate and opposition.
4. A democratic government is typically transparent, accountable, and accountable to the people, who can vote to renew the government’s mandate to rule. Military rule is frequently unresponsive to and unaccountable to the populace. The populace, on the other hand, may check it through popular civil action and other means.
5. Democracy brings traditions of fundamental rights, legal and constitutional requirements to bear on its work. Military dictatorships employ shortcuts and alternatives. It operates under martial law, employs military tactics, and employs force.
6. Democracy enables inputs, criticism, the operation of a free press, and open debate between subordinates and the general public. A civil administration encourages participation and cooperation and is also easily adaptable to change and adaptation. Civil governance is voluntary, and hence inspires the kind of dedication and devotion that no armed force can instill. Military government is hierarchical, with little room for individual initiative at the bottom. The military operates under strict orders that permit little or no deviance.
7. Democracy is civil rule enacted by the people’s chosen representatives in parliament. Military control is a form of government based on decrees, edits, martial law, and emergency legislation.
8. Democracy enables the enforcement of the constitution’s guarantee of the rule of law. Military rule is the exercise of arbitrary power and the infringement of civil liberties. In extreme circumstances, habeas corpus may be suspended and retroactive laws and harsher penalties imposed.
9. Democracy is sluggish and appears inefficient. Because action is typically voluntary and based on discourse and persuasion, the results are typically more durable. Military rule is based on the threat or use of force, which results in immediate compliance.
It appears to be efficient. However, it is a straight jacket of order that must be followed without argument. Due to the fact that obedience is obtained through force, the results obtained rarely last long in the absence of ongoing monitoring, threat, or application of force.
10. Typically, a constitutional and democratic government’s mandate to rule and tenure of office are specified in the constitution or by law, and its acquisition or continuation in power is determined by the electorate during elections.
A military administration has no constitutional or legal authority to rule, and its duration is not owed to the people. It either chooses its own tenure voluntarily or is forced to do so by another military takeover or popular civic action.
Yeah! That concludes our examination of the distinctions between a military and a democratic government. Following the content of this article, it is clear that a civilian or democratic administration is superior to a military government, as a democratic government always includes an element of freedom.
Taking Nigeria as an example, there is no doubt that this country saw greater growth and development under a democratic administration than it did under a military dictatorship.
Of course, military control has a number of advantages. However, when the two administrations are compared, democracy appears to be superior.